PCC Seminar, 26 Apr
PCC586 SEMINAR SERIES
3:30 PM, 425 Ocean Sciences Bldg
FOSSIL FUEL SUPPLIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE
Dept of Electrical Engineering, Caltech
An accurate estimate of the long-term production of oil, gas, and coal would be helpful for the ongoing policy discussion of alternatives to fossil fuels and climate change. It takes a long time to develop energy infrastructure, and this means that it matters whether we have burned 20% of our oil, gas, and coal, or 40%. In modeling future temperature and sea-level rise, the carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels is the most important factor. The time frame for the climate response is longer than the time frame for burning fossil fuels, and this means that the total amount burned is more important than the burn rate. Long-term oil, gas, and coal production are traditionally estimated by government geological surveys from measurements of oil and gas reservoirs and coal seams, together with an allowance for future discoveries of oil and gas. We will see that where these estimates can be tested, they tend to be too high, and that more accurate estimates can be made by curve fits to the production history. In addition, these curve fits imply that the IPCC projections for future temperature rise are likely to be too high.