Karl Banse

Karl Banse, Ph.D. (Univ. of Kiel), Professor Emeritus

Plankton production and hydrography, especially in the Arabian Sea; methodology in plankton work.


BANSE, KARL. b. 1929, Koenigsberg, Germany. Naturalized U.S. citizen. Undergraduate, Heidelberg, 1947-1949; graduate, Kiel, 1949-1951, 1952-55; Lund, 1951-1952; Ph.D. (oceanogr., zool.), Kiel, 1955. Post-doctoral fellow (German Research Foundation), Kiel, 1955-1958; Gov't of India Scholar, Ernakulam/Cochin, 1958-1960. Asst. Prof. Oceanography, Univ. of Washington, 1960-1963; Assoc. Prof., 1963-1966; Professor, 1966-1995; Emeritus, 1995-. Visitor, Scripps Inst. of Oceanography, Univ. of California, 1972-1973, Skidaway Inst. of Oceanography, University System of Georgia, 1980-1981. Several weeks each of teaching in Germany, Turkey (twice), and India (four times). NASA-ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, 1985. Outstanding Teacher Award (Undergraduates), College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, Univ. of Washington, 1987. Fellow, Marine Biological Association of India, 1989. Dr. honoris causa, Kiel, 1995. ASLO Lifetime Achievement Award, 1998.


Banse, K.M. (2014) Assessing ocean changes without data centers? Frontiers in Marine Science, 1, doi:10.3389/fmars.2014.00029.

Banse, K., S.W.A. Naqvi, P.V. Narvekar, J.R. Postel, and D.A. Jayakumar (2014) Oxygen minimum zone of the open Arabian Sea: variability of oxygen and nitrite from daily to decadal timescales. Biogeosciences, 11: 2237-2261.

Banse, K. (2013) Reflections about chance in my career, and on the top-down regulated world. Annual Review of Marine Science, 5: 2.1-2.19.

Banse, K. and J.R. Postel (2009) Wintertime convection and ventilation of the upper pycnocline in the northernmost Arabian Sea. Indian Ocean Biogeochemical Processes and Ecological Variability, Geophysical Monograph Series 185: 87-117.

Banse, K. (2007) Do we live in a largely top-down regulated world? Journal of Biosciences 32: 791-796.

Banse, K. and S.A. Piontkovski (editors and contributors) (2006) The Mesoscale Structure of the Epipelagic Ecosystem of the Open Northern Arabian Sea (248 pp., with 184 figures and 29 tables). Universities Press/Orient-Longman, Hyderabad, India. (With three brief chapters by K. Banse.)

Wiggert, J.C., R.R. Hood, K. Banse, and J.C. Kindle (2005) Monsoon-driven biogeochemical processes in the Arabian Sea. Progress in Oceanography 65: 176-213..

Banse, K. (2004) Open questions after JGOFS: Winter chlorophyll levels in the two subpolar HNLC regions. US JGOFS Newsletter (November 2004): 14.

Banse, K. (2004) Should we continue to use the 1-% light depth convention for estimating the compensation depth of phytoplankton for another 70 years? Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin 13(3): 49-52.

Banse, K. and J.R. Postel (2003) On using pigment-normalized, light-saturated carbon uptake with satellite derived pigment for estimating column photosynthesis. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17, doi: 10.1029/2002/GB002021, 11 pp.

Banse, K. (2002) Bruce W. Frost: an appreciation. Hydrobiologia 480: 5-9.

Banse, K. (2002) Steemann Nielsen and the zooplankton. Hydrobiologia 480: 15-28.

Banse, K. (2002) Should we continue to measure 14C-uptake by phytoplankton for another 50 years? Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin 11(3): 45-46.

Banse, K. 2003. One more reply by Karl Banse about measurements of 14C-uptake during the next 50 years. Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin 12(2): 39.

Lierheimer, L.J. and K. Banse (2002) Seasonal and interannual variability of phytoplankton pigment in the Laccadive (Lakshadweep) Sea as observed by the Coastal Zone Color Scanner. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences (Earth and Planetary Science) 111: 163-185.

Banse, K. and D.C. English (2000) Geographical differences in seasonality of CZCS derived phytoplankton pigment in the Arabian Sea for 1978-1986. Deep-Sea Research II 47: 1623-1677.

Banse, K. and D.C English (1999) Comparing phytoplankton seasonality in the eastern and western subarctic Pacific and the western Bering Sea. Progress in Oceanography 43: 235-288.

Banse, K. (1997) Irregular flow of Persian (Arabian) Gulf water to the Arabian Sea. Journal of Marine Research 55: 1049-1067.

Banse, K. and D.C. English (1997) Near-surface phytoplankton pigment from the Coastal Zone Color Scanner in the Subantarctic region southeast of New Zealand. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 156: 51-66.

Banse, K. (1996) Low seasonality of low concentrations of surface chlorophyll in the Subantarctic water ring: Underwater irradiance, iron, or grazing? Progress in Oceanography 37: 241-291.

Banse, K., Sumitra-Vijayaraghavan and M. Madhupratap (1996) On the possible causes of the seasonal phytoplankton blooms along the west coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 25: 283-289.

English, D.C., K. Banse, D.L. Martin and M.J. Perry (1996) Electronic overshoot and other bias in the CZCS global data set: Comparison with ground truth from the subarctic Pacific. International Journal of Remote Sensing 17: 3157-3168.

Banse, K. (1995) Antarctic top predators revisited: Homeotherms do not leak much CO2 (CO2) to the air. Polar Biology 15: 93-104.

Banse, K. (1995) Community response to IRONEX. Nature 375: 112.

Banse, K. (1995) Zooplankton: Pivotal role in the control of ocean production. ICES Journal of Marine Science 52: 265-277.