NATO 2001 Black Sea Expedition

R/V Knorr Cruise; May/June 2001; Chief Scientist: J.W. Murray

Pictured: The R/V Knorr docked in Karakoy, Istanbul. In the distance is Topkapi Palace

From left: Cathedral of Hagia Sophia, The Yeni Cami Mosque with the Bosporus in the background, Along the Bosporus

Cruise Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to gain valuable knowledge on the properties of the Black Sea. The Black Sea is the worlds largest anoxic basin and provides much needed insight on the interface betweeen oxic and anoxic water layers. The chemistry and biology of the Black Sea have been severely impacted by anthropogenic effects. It serves as a prototype example of how human impact can change the coastal ocean. There were two main objectives of this cruise.

1. A detailed study of the suboxic zone region that exists at the boundary between the oxic surface and anoxic (sulfide containing) deep water in the Black Sea.

2. To conduct a JGOFS style study of carbon resevoirs and fluxes in the euphotic zone, consistent with the goals of the current NATO Science for Peace Black Sea Project (971818 ODBMS).

Supplemental cruise informationHERE

2001 Knorr Cruise, Voyage 162, Leg 16 (Leg 1)

- Cruise Participants



Table of Station Locations


Event Log



Cruise Data


2001 Knorr Cruise, Voyage 162, Leg 17 (Leg 2)

- Cruise Participants





Table of Station Locations


Event Log



Cruise Data



- Konovalov, S. and Murray, J.W., (2001), Variations in the chemistry of the Black Sea on the time scale of decades Journal of Marine Systems

- Konovalov, S.; Luther, L.W. III; Friederich, G.; Murray J.W., (2001) Voltametric Pump Profiling of Oxygen, Sulfide, and other Reduced Dissolved Species of Sulfur in the Oxic/Anoxic Water Column of the Black Sea

- Kubilay, N.; Nickovic, S.; Moulin, C.; Dulac, F.; (2000) An Illustration of the Transpot and Deposition of Mineral Dust onto the Eastern Mediterranean

- Kubilay, N.; Yemenicioglu, S.; Saydam, C.; (1995) Airborne Material Collections and their Chemical Composition over the Black Sea

- Kubilay, N. and Saydam, C., (1995) Trace Elements in Atmospheric Particulates over the Eastern Mediterranean; Concentrations, Sources, and Temporal Variability

- Lee B-S, Bullister J.L., Murray J.W. and Sonnerup R.E., (2002) Anthropogenic Chlorofluorocarbons in the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. Deep-Sea Research

- Oguz, T., Deshpande, A.G. and Malanotte-Rizzoli, P., (2002) The role of mesoscale processes controlling biological variability in the Black Sea coastal waters: inferences from Sea WIFS-derived surface chlorophyll field Continental Shelf Research

- Oguz, T., P. Malanotte-Rizolli, H.W. Ducklow and J.W. Murray. (2002) Interdisciplinary studies integrating the Black Sea biogeochemistry and circulation dynamics Oceanography

- Oguz, Temel, (2002),Role of physical processes controlling oxycline and suboxic structres in the Black Sea Global Biogeochemical Cycles


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References Used

**Need References? Click HERE for references to papers used in our study

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Last updated: 28 October 2002